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Under FCA’s Principles for Businesses, Principle 8 requires a firm to “manage conflicts of interest fairly, both between itself and its customers and between a customer and another client.” Under the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (“MiFID”), Abacus Research LLP (“Abacus Research”) is required to maintain and operate effective organisational and administrative arrangements with a view to taking all reasonable steps to identify, monitor and manage such conflicts of interest. Abacus Research has put in place a policy to meet this obligation and set out below is a summary of that policy and the key information that is needed by clients and counterparties (together “customers”) to understand the measures Abacus Research is taking to safeguard the interests of its customers.

Abacus Research seeks to:

  • identify circumstances which may give rise to conflicts of interest entailing a material risk of damage to customers’ interests;

  • establish appropriate mechanisms and systems to manage those conflicts; and

  • maintain systems in an effort to prevent actual damage to customers’ interests through the identified conflicts.



A conflict of interest under MiFID is a conflict that arises in any area of Abacus Research’s business in the course of providing its customers with a service which may benefit Abacus Research (or another customer for whom Abacus Research is acting) whilst potentially materially damaging another customer where Abacus Research owes a duty to the customer. There may be a conflict where Abacus Research (or anyone connected to Abacus Research including another Abacus Research affiliate):

  • is likely to make a financial gain (or avoid a loss) at the expense of its customer;

  • is interested in the outcome of the service provided to its customer where the interests of Abacus Research is distinct from that of the customer;

  • has a financial or other incentive to favour the interests of one customer over another;

  • carries on the same business as a customer;

  • receives money, goods or services from a third party in relation to services provided to a customer other than standard fees or commissions.

Abacus Research has sought to identify conflicts of interest that exist in its business and has put in place measures it considers appropriate to the relevant conflict in an effort to monitor, manage and control the potential impact of those conflicts on its customers. The conflicts identified include:

  • those between customers with competing interests;

  • those between customers and Abacus Research where their respective interests in a particular outcome may be different; and

  • those between the personal interests of staff of Abacus Research and the interests of Abacus Research or its customers where those interests may be different.



Abacus Research has adopted internal policies and procedures in order to manage recognised conflicts of interests. These policies and procedures will be subject to our normal monitoring and review processes and include:



Abacus Research insists that in its dealings with customers its staff must use the highest standard of integrity in their actions at all times. The induction programme, training and competency procedures and monitoring programme at Abacus Research are designed to ensure that all relevant staff are familiar with and observe, inter alia, the FCA Principles for Businesses, the Statements of Principle and the Code of Practice for Approved Persons.



Abacus Research has a policy on Personal Account Dealing and the rules are signed off as understood by all relevant employees regardless of their position within Abacus Research.



Abacus Research insists on strict customer confidentiality to ensure that information is disclosed only to those entitled to receive it or otherwise with the prior approval of the Compliance Department.



Staff are not allowed to accept gifts, entertainment or any other inducement from any person which might benefit one customer at the expense of another when conducting investment business. Abacus Research has a Gifts and Entertainment Policy which is part of the staff’s Policy Manual and is monitored by management on a regular basis.



All relevant staff who are open to a conflict of interest are paid a basic salary including those in key support areas such as Compliance, Finance and Back Office. This salary is not dependent on company performance. A bonus scheme does exist which is linked to the company’s performance and the performance of the individual. It is entirely discretionary.



Where appropriate, Abacus Research has arranged for the separate supervision of those carrying out functions for customers whose interests may conflict, or where the interests of customers and Abacus Research may conflict and has taken steps to prevent the simultaneous or sequential involvement of a relevant person in separate services or activities where such involvement may impair the proper management of conflicts of interest.



As a last resort, where there is no other means of managing the conflict or where the measures in place do not, in the view of Abacus Research, sufficiently protect the interests of customers, the conflict of interest will be disclosed to customers to enable an informed decision to be made by the customer as to whether they wish to continue doing business with Abacus Research in that particular situation.



Finally, where Abacus Research considers it is not able to manage the conflict of interest in any other way it may decline to act for a customer.

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